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Less pesticides harmful to bees

Member States supported the idea of ​​Brussels to prohibit the use in the EU of three pesticides, referred to as neonicotinoids. Neonicotinoids are harmful to bees. The new regulations may come into force later this year.

The European Commission has already proposed almost a total ban on the use of three specific measures – imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiamethoxam.

Since 2013, some restrictions apply to their use – reminds the BBC. Now, however, it is only allowed to use them in closed greenhouses. The European Commission is supported by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) study published in February, which has just indicated neonicotinoids as one of the main causes of CCD – Euractiv.pl informs.

The EC regulation prohibiting the use of nenikotinoids may be ready in May and become applicable still this year. The representatives of Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Slovenia, Sweden and Great Britain voted for greater protection of bees. Poland did not support it – our farmers would like to continue using it in the production of beets. Bees that help pollinate about 90 percent. major world crops, have been dying out for several years. Scientists call this phenomenon “Colony Collapse Disorder – CCD.” The cause of this phenomenon is not fully understood, but according to recent findings, the cause of extinction is the reduced resistance of bees and their greater exposure to viruses, parasites and deadly fungi. According to the researchers, massive use of pesticides, and above all neonicotinoids, is responsible for the reduced resistance.

Neonicotinoids have been widely used in agriculture for about 20 years.They are chemically related to the nicotine present in tobacco. In the case of insects have a strong effect on the central nervous system. not only crop pests, but also bees and other beneficial insects Even small doses of neonicotinoids can deprive bees of orientation in the field or the ability to communicate with each other and de facto prevent them from returning to the hive and significantly reduce their resistance to pathogenic microorganisms.

source: www.rp.pl

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